AFMA’s implementation of the ecological component of ecologically sustainable development is based on ecosystem elements relating to:
To support and implement an ecologically sustainable development approach, AFMA draws upon ecological risk assessments for each Commonwealth fishery. Ecological risk assessments involve a number of methods, including comprehensive qualitative and quantitative analyses. This approach screens out low risk activities, focusing on higher actual and potential risks within Commonwealth fisheries.
The results of these risk assessments for each fishery are consolidated into a priority list upon which an ecological risk management strategy is focused. A detailed ecological risk management strategy for each AFMA-managed fishery has been prepared, clearly identifying how each species or group of species will be managed.
Key management policy initiatives include:
AFMA has completed and published ecological risk management reports for all Commonwealth fisheries where risks have been identified. The number of species remaining at high potential risk across all Commonwealth fisheries is 72, which is 3.6 per cent of all species assessed. It is expected that this will reduce as the mitigation measures outlined in ecological risk management reports are implemented.
AFMA’s outcomes are directed at Commonwealth fisheries being ecologically sustainable, improving the net economic returns from Commonwealth fisheries and managing efficiently and effectively.
This approach reflects AFMA’s commitment to pursuing management of Commonwealth fisheries in accordance with our legislative objectives and in partnership with others who also have an interest in sustainable management.
All of AFMA’s managed fisheries are currently accredited under three parts of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999.
Part 10 of the Act requires that all Commonwealth and Torres Strait Fisheries must be strategically assessed before a management plan is determined (s148) or where a determination is made, that a management plan is not required for a Commonwealth fishery (s149). If a management plan is amended or replaced, or management arrangements change significantly in a fishery without a management plan, then a further assessment is required (s152). If a management plan remains unchanged no further strategic assessment is required. This process involves assessment of the impact of the fishery on matters of national environmental significance with particular emphasis on the impact on the Commonwealth marine environment. Without this approval a management plan cannot take effect.
Part 13 of the Act defines a number of offences in relation to listed threatened species and ecological communities, and also provides for accreditation of management plans or regimes (Sections 208A, 222A, 245, 265). The effect of accreditation is that certain actions are not offences if they are carried out in accordance with those management plans or regimes. There is no requirement to remake the accreditation decisions unless the management plans or regimes change. These accreditations impose a requirement on fishers to report any interactions with protected species. As fishers are also required to report interactions to AFMA through logbooks, we regularly report these interactions to the Department of the Environment and Energy on fishers’ behalf thus reducing unnecessary duplication of reporting.
Part 13A of the Act covers the international movement of wildlife specimens. It provides for controls over the movement of regulated native specimens that are not on the list of exempt native specimens. Currently products from all assessed Commonwealth fisheries are on the list of exempt native specimens, although some are subject to the condition that the listing applies only while a wildlife trade operation is in force. This allows exports of marine species to be carried out while ensuring that they have been taken sustainably.
AFMA takes an ecosystem-based approach to fisheries management to minimise the impact of commercial fisheries on the marine environment. The Ecological Risk Management Policy, and accompanying Ecological Risk Management Guide, provide a science and evidence based structure for managing the impact of fishing on the marine environment. The framework uses Ecological Risk Assessment for the Effects of Fishing as the primary means of assessing the risks that fisheries may pose and provides a mechanism for the identification and management of any identified risks.
During 2016–17 AFMA commenced a trial of the revised methodologies in the Ecological Risk Assessment for the Effects of Fishing framework on the Small Pelagic Fishery midwater trawl sector and the Eastern Tuna and Billfish Fishery. These are expected to be finalised during 2017–18. Further research into the identification and management of risks posed to habitats and communities is planned for the 2017–18 financial year.
A number of mechanisms exist for reviewing the effect of fishing on the environment.
AFMA reviewed its Ecological Risk Management Framework and the Commission approved the Ecological Risk Management Guide and Ecological Risk Management Policy in April and June 2017 respectively. AFMA also regularly reviews individual elements of the Ecological Risk Management Framework, with fishery management strategies and ecological risk assessments reviewed every five years and Bycatch and Discard Workplans reviewed every two years.
AFMA is also subject to reassessment of all its fisheries under Part 13A of the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999. The Department of Environment and Energy undertake the reassessments on a regular basis, ranging from a ten year review cycle for fisheries granted exemptions to a more regular review process for fisheries granted wildlife trade operations.
Consistent with our legislative objectives, AFMA also promotes a clean and green operating environment when conducting its operations to minimise our impact on the environment. To achieve this we are constantly reviewing our operational activities to look for opportunities to minimise waste and limit the impact of our environmental footprint.
AFMA currently purchases approximately 25 per cent of green electricity for our Canberra office as part of the Commonwealth energy contract, and our Thursday Island office utilises a mixture of wind and diesel power. AFMA continues to review and implement regular energy improvements across our Canberra, Darwin and Thursday Island sites. This has included automatic shutdown of staff computers daily and purchasing more energy efficient equipment when required.
AFMA’s Canberra office has an overall 4.5 star energy rating; the Darwin office has a 5.5 star National Australian Built Environment Rating System energy rating and a five Star Green star rating. AFMA buildings include zoned air-conditioning and lighting and automatic light dimming in response to daylight sensors. Additionally, intermittently used rooms and spaces are motion sensor activated to reduce energy consumption. AFMA also participates in Earth Hour annually.
AFMA currently uses 100 per cent recycled paper in printers and copiers at all AFMA sites. In addition we make use of portable technology for staff to access documents via portable devices such as iPads to further reduce the reliance on paper documents.
Nationwide AFMA has leased five motor vehicles. We have recently changed internal policy allowing staff to use our energy efficient vehicles on more extended trips. As these leases fall due for renewal we will look for more energy efficient vehicles that meet our needs.
AFMA continued to make other changes around its offices that have important impacts in reducing AFMA’s environmental footprint. For example, a composting system is in place for the Canberra office which reduces general office waste and is proving successful.